Car Rental Africa
Africa is the world’s 2nd largest
continent which has a total of 53 countries. It is also
home to the world’s longest river, the Nile. As
well as the world’s largest desert, the Sahara.
The highest point in Africa is Mt. Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania
19,341ft (5,895m), while the (lowest point) is Lac'
Assal in the tiny country of Djibouti, It is 512 ft
(156m) below sea level.
Africa is home to the oldest inhabited territory on
earth, and it is believed the human race originated
from what is now this continent.
For most of humanity's history, Africa had no nation
states, and was instead inhabited by many small, loosely
associated tribal groups, kingdomss, and families. In
the 14th century European explorers arrived in Africa.
By bargaining with some local tribal leaders, Europeans
were able to capture millions of Africans, and export
them for labour around the world in what became known
as the global slave trade. In the early 19th century
the European imperial powers staged a massive "scramble
for Africa" and occupied most of the continent,
creating many colonial states. This occupation continued
until the conclusion of the Second World War, after
which all colonial states were gradually granted independence.
Today, Africa is home to over 30 independent countries,
many of which still have borders drawn during the era
of European colonialism. African peoples, who account
for over 12% of the world's population, are distributed
among 54 nations and are further distinguishable in
terms of linguistic (see African languages ) and cultural
groups, which number around 1,000. The Sahara forms
a great ethnic divide. North of it, mostly Arabs predominate
along the coast and Berbers (including the Tuareg) and
Tibbu in the interior regions. Sub-Saharan Africa is
occupied by a diverse variety of peoples including,
among others, the Amhara, Mossi , Fulani , Yoruba ,
Igbo , Kongo (see Kongo, kingdom of ), Zulu (see Zululand
), Akan , Oromo , Masai , and Hausa.