Car Rental South America
South America is the the world's 4th
largest continent, includes (12) countries and (3) major
territories. this continent is crossed by the equator,
with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. South
America is situated between the Pacific Ocean and the
Atlantic Ocean. It became attached to North America
only recently, geologically speaking, with the formation
of the Isthmus of Panama. The Andes, likewise a comparatively
young and seismically restless mountain range, run down
the western edge of the continent; the land to the east
of the Andes is largly tropical rain forest, the vast
Amazon River basin.
It is thought to have been first inhabited by humans
crossing the Bering Land Bridge, now the Bering strait,
though there are also suggestions of migration from
the southern Pacific Ocean.
From the 1530s, the indigenous inhabitants of South
America were subjugated by European invadors, first
from Spain, later from Portugal, who divided it into
colonies. In the course of the 19th century, these colonies
won their independence. Nowadays, South America consists
of the following twelve countries.
This continent has the Amazon River and rainforest,
the Andes Mountains, and some of the most spectacular
scenery in the world. The highest point is Cerro Aconcaqua
in the Andes Mountains in Argentina. 22,833 ft (6,959m).
The lowest point is the Peninsula Valdes on the Argentina
coastline 151 ft (40m) below sea level.